Paris Agreement Targets Upsc

The Paris Agreement is an important global treaty that was signed in 2015 to combat climate change. It aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To achieve this ambitious goal, the Paris Agreement sets targets for each country to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

The Paris Agreement is particularly relevant for the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in India, as it is responsible for selecting and training civil servants for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and other central government services. The UPSC has a critical role to play in helping India to achieve its Paris Agreement targets.

India’s Paris Agreement Targets

Under the Paris Agreement, India committed to achieving several targets by 2030, including:

1. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35% compared to 2005 levels;

2. Achieving 40% of installed power capacity from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030;

3. Creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030;

4. Achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022;

5. Adopting cleaner transportation technology by promoting electric vehicles.

The UPSC can play a critical role in achieving these targets by selecting and training civil servants who are committed to environmental sustainability, climate change mitigation, and clean energy. The UPSC can also promote climate change education and awareness among civil servants and the general public, by incorporating climate change and sustainability topics into the curriculum and training programs.

UPSC’s Role in Mitigating Climate Change

The UPSC can also play a key role in implementing policies and programs that promote climate change mitigation and adaptation. Civil servants trained by the UPSC can work in various departments and ministries to design and implement policies and programs that support India’s Paris Agreement targets, such as:

1. Promoting renewable energy through incentives and subsidies;

2. Encouraging the adoption of energy-efficient technologies and practices;

3. Supporting the development of electric vehicles and public transportation systems;

4. Encouraging sustainable agriculture practices that reduce greenhouse gas emissions;

5. Promoting afforestation and reforestation programs to increase carbon sinks.

Conclusion

The Paris Agreement is an important global treaty that aims to combat climate change and limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius. India has committed to achieving several targets under the Paris Agreement, and the UPSC has a critical role to play in helping India to achieve these targets. By selecting and training civil servants who are committed to climate change mitigation and clean energy, promoting climate change awareness and education, and implementing policies and programs that support India’s Paris Agreement targets, the UPSC can contribute significantly to India’s efforts to combat climate change.